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Three Days Online Process Orientation Training Programme organized by NSS, JU and NIDM

JAMMU: National Service Scheme (NSS), Campus Units, University of Jammu, and National Institute of Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, organized 3-Days Online Process Orientation Training Programme (POT) on Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction (CCDRR)(POT CCDRR), from 5th to 7th July 2021, from 11.00A.M. to 1.30 P.M on Cisco WebEx Platform. 

National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) South Campus, Ministry of Home Affairs, and Government of India is a premier institute and a Statutory Body (under Disaster Management Act 2005) for training, research, documentation, awareness and human resources and capacity development in the field of disaster mitigation and management in India and in the region.

Disasters threaten the lives, constitutional rights and needs of the children worldwide. Keeping in view the increasing vulnerability of children from climate change and natural disasters, National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India has established "Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction (CCDRR) Centre" to mainstream child centric DRR activities through Training, Research, Advocacy and Consultancy, and has been organized, along `with the NSS Campus Units ,University of Jammu, to help the participants to build their knowledge, skills, and perspectives towards child centric disaster risk reduction. This will help officials to understand and prepare for risk informed planning, sectoral readiness, and preparedness for emergencies so as children are not deprived of basic amenities.

Delivering his Inaugural Address, Prof. Manoj Kumar Dhar, Vice-Chancellor and Chairman National Service Scheme (NSS), University of Jammu, appreciated the efforts of the NIDM in organizing the programs, especially keeping children in mind who are not represented in public foruHe informed all present about the commitment of the University of Jammu towards national development. The University has received prestige and recognition through its teaching, research, and extension, and it is eager to collaborate with NIDM in its core areas.

Talking about the COVID he said that there are patterns which need to be understood and steps need to be taken to mitigate the crisis. He further said that since the disasters cannot be avoided, we need to be prepared and become resilient to minimize the impact.

These three days training, he hoped, should be aimed at developing techniques for anticipating, minimizing, absorbing, recovering and bouncing back, especially keeping the children in mind. He also expressed his desire to join Indian Universities and Institutions Network for Disaster Risk Reduction (IUINDRR-NIDM), Agenda 6 from Prime Minister's 10-point agenda on DRR.

In his opening remarks, Prof. Santosh Kumar ,Professor & HOD, Governance Inclusives Disaster Risk Reduction, Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction, expressed his happiness in Collaborating with University of Jammu. The training prograof NIDM, CCDRR, are aimed to reduce the vulnerability of children to disasters, to a minimum. The children are a homogenous group and heterogeneous too based on their SES, geographical region of residence, and other factors too. Past experiences should guide current actions.

The current COVID Pandemic has caught the world off guard. If any calamity or disaster happens now (last two years has seen 4 cyclones) it has to be dealt with the in the broad framework of COVID Appropriate Behaviours. The needs of the children, their safety and security should receive utmost importance in such disasters, in view of the COVID Behavioral Response.

Communities need to be empowered to build the capacities of children that are why educational institutions are important link to the awareness and risk reduction of both parents and children. Children themselves need to be heard, their wisdom can be used to design prografrom them. Many a times during disasters children drop out of education and assume the role of adults in sibling rearing, cooking, looking after the household. They are then lost to education, which is their basic rights. Hence their social support system must be considered by the educational policy. An environment of support and care must be created.

In the beginning, Prof. Neeru Sharma, Convener, National Service Scheme (NSS), Campus Units, University of Jammu, in her Welcome Address, wished a huge success for the program in terof the knowledge sharing and gaining, especially regarding children, who do not have voice in the mitigation of crisis.

The Key Speaker of the first technical session, Dr. Kumar Raka , Programme Officer, CCDRR Centre, NIDM spoke about "Do's and Don'ts on Covid-19". He interacted with the participants on key COVID Appropriate Behaviours.

There are three categories of children Dependent, Semi- dependent and Independent, and they must be taught COVID Appropriate Behaviour, depending in the manner, for Dependent and Semi-Dependent Parents need to be empowered, Independent can handle situations themselves. The new normal are being prepared for future and changing the learning. Like Alphabet learning can be accompanied by COVID Key Words. He answered a lot of queries of the participants.

The second Key Speaker of the technical session ,Dr. Balu I.CCDRR, NIDM spoke on "Disaster Management Mechanism in India". Our country, and J and K, most disaster prone. 12% of land prone to flooding, it has a long coastal line, hilly areas, drought, landslides, avalanches, chemical, biological, nuclear disasters, and terrorism, which have caused a huge loss of lives and property. He explained the scenario of disasters in India with the help of PPT.

He made the session very interactive and interesting. The Second Module of session was on "Approach to Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction". In Session-3, Dr. Balu I. form Child Centric Risk Reduction Centre, NIDM, Govt .of India, delivered the presentation on "Engaging Children in Disaster Risk Reduction".

He gave deep insights into the topic and also revealed some facts based on why should we involve children in disaster risk reduction, importance of engaging adolescents, institutional mechanism for engaging youth in disaster risk management ,how NSS,NCC and NYK Volunteers can b involved in various disaster risk management ,strategies for engaging adolescents for disaster preparedness work ,case studies cited with suitable examples and practical activity.

A documentary movie on Bangladesh disaster management was also shown. The Speaker of Session-4th was Ranjan Kumar from CCDRR, NIDM, Govt. of India, talked about, "Commitments to Children in Disaster".

The lecture was based on various health and safety services of women and children during disaster situation. To ensure safe and uninterrupted access to health services through functional health facilities schools and community based activities at the household level, importance of nutrition prevention of under nutrition, micronutrient deficiencies in different age groups, child protection through civil registration systecited with suitable examples.

He also talked about hygiene protection, social protection, and public health emergencies. The third day of the training programme, Session-5 was based on, "Ensuring Home to Home-School Safety". The lecture was specifically based on process oriented school to school training programme ,how to implement various formula's to be followed when schools will reopen.

The lecture was focussed on why school safety is important in the times of Covid-19.He also talked safety concerns at National and International level scenario, various disasters that occurred, safety guidelines issued from national Health and Education Authorities, basic principles for safety of students ,teachers and staff to help to stop the spread of this disease ,need to update or develop school emergency to ensure safe school operations, plans for continuity of learning and education, implementation of targeted health education and to know the latest facts about Covid from reliable sources only.

The speaker of last Session-6 was Namrata, Psychologist from Delhi who talked about "Children in Disasters and Emergencies: A Methodical Understanding from a Psychological Perspective". She focussed on the statistics of disasters ,how disasters impact mental health of children and psychological well-being of individuals ,emotional reactions to disaster according to personal characteristics, how to deal with the disasters, factors affecting emotional disasters such as effects on parents or caregivers ,exposure of children to mass media can have extreme impact on children ,cultural and contextual differences.

In the Valedictory session was held in which number of participants gave their oral feedback regarding 3-days training programme. In his Concluding Remarks, Prof. Santosh Kumar, Professor & HOD, Governance Inclusives Disaster Risk Reduction, Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction, expressed his happiness in collaborating with University of Jammu and the participants for successful completion of the course and thanked all the organizers for their support, coordination and organization of the training programme.

This will indeed help officials to understand and prepare for risk informed planning, sectoral readiness, and preparedness for emergencies so as children are not deprived of basic amenities. Prof. Neeru Sharma, the Convener, National Service Scheme (NSS), Campus Units, University of Jammu, expressed her gratitude to all the organizers and lauded the efforts of all the participants for the successful conduct of the event. She congratulated NIDM for jointly organizing the programme.

More than 300 participants from all over India which included Trainers/ Teachers/Research Scholars/Students of State level and Central Universities, Colleges, Schools; SIRDs, SDMAs, DDMAs and Non-Government Organization, Trainers in Health, Education, Women and Child Welfare, Revenue and Panchayat Raj and Rural Development Department, Administrative Training Institutions and Civil Society participated in the event.

All the participants participated in the event with great enthusiasm and fervor. E-Certificates were awarded to every participant for their participation in the events as a mark of Appreciation. Vote of thanks was presented by Dr. Meghna Dhar Programme Officer, National Service Scheme (NSS), Campus Units, University of Jammu, and Jammu.

The training programme was conducted under the supervision and guidance of Prof. Neeru Sharma, Chairperson NSS, Campus Units, University of Jammu, Jammu and Prof . Santosh Kumar, Professor & HOD,NIDM, Government of India. Dr. Balu I., CCDRR Centre, NIDM .Dr. Meghna Dhar, NSS Programme Officer, University of Jammu and Dr. Kumar Raka, Programme Officer CCDRR Centre, NIDM coordinated the programme with the technical support of Dr. Suresh Kumar Murugesan ,Head ,P.G. Department of Psychology ,The American College Madurai, Tamil Naidu , Prof. Chandra, REPR Centre, Wales, United Kingdom and Gurdarshan, Instrumental Engineer and NSS Volunteer, University of Jammu, Jammu.

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