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JLN Year review | 2020, an year of lockdown and survival skills

The year 2020 was filled with challenges for all sections of people across the globe. Coronavirus became the theme of 2020 with its worldwide spread which took away many precious lives. Let’s delve into some of the major stories that grabbed highlights in J&K in 2020:

January

The people in Jammu and Kashmir celebrated Republic Day in its true sense for the first time in 69 years after the abrogation of Article 370 & Article 35A.

February

A delegation of 25 foreign envoys toured Kashmir valley to meet with Lieutenant Governor and civil society groups and checked the ongoing situation in the union territory. 

Multiple waves of bloodshed and destruction were witnessed in North East Delhi between Hindus and Muslims.

March

Owing to coronavirus, shutdown of all establishments except essential services was announced across UT till March 31 to read the transmission chain of coronavirus.

Also, The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of State Laws) Order, 2020 was posted by the central government on its Gazette on 31 March 2020 which resulted in repeal of 25 prior state laws and changed in 113 state laws.

April

Quarantine centres were built and checked regularly by district commissioners to contain coronavirus cases in J&K. Besides, efforts were in full swing to make online classes and alternative for students stuck at home. E-pass service was launched in Jammu as a proactive measure for areas declared as red-zones.

May

In the month of May, several inhabitants of J&K were evacuated, received and quarantined at Lakhanpur. Many migrant labourers were sent to their respective states. Also, special rules for fast track recruitment process came into picture.

A new order, the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of State Laws) Second Order, 2020, with relation to the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralisation and Recruitment) Act was passed on 19 May 2020. This order modified applicability of domicile orders to "all level of jobs" in the union territory.

June

Major clash between India and China was witnessed along LAC in Ladakh in the month of June. Around 20 Indian soldiers lost their lives after a clash with Chinese troops on June 15. There were undeclared casualties on Chinese side while tension gripped Ladakh region.

July

The Jammu and Kashmir government decided to reopen tourism in a phased manner from July 14 with proper guidelines in place.

August

Strict lockdown was announced by Srinagar administration before the first anniversary of the revocation of Article 370 in J&K on August 5 fearing violent protests from separatists.

On August 7, Former Union minister Manoj Sinha sworn in as the new lieutenant governor of Jammu and Kashmir.

Later, 4G services were finally restored in two districts of J&K for trial basis from August 16.

September 

Under unlock 4.0 guidelines, schools were announced to be reopened from September 21 in several States and UTs of the country including J&K. 

October

On 27 October 2020, the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Third Order, 2020 came into force under which 12 state laws were repealed and 26 others were adapted with some changes.

Also, Gupkar alliance between multiple mainstream regional political parties of J&K was announced with Farooq Abdullah as its president aimed at restoration of special status of erstwhile state of J&K.

November

The District Development Council elections commenced on November 28. It was the first major political activity  happening after abrogation of Article 370. The elections were announced to be conducted in eight phases from Nov. 28 to Dec. 22 to elect 12,153 sarpanches and panches for 24 blocks and 53 blocks of Kashmir and Jammu division respectively.

Security forces killed more than 200 terrorists since January this year till November which included several Hizbul Mujahideen operational chiefs and more than a dozen top commanders of different groups.

December 

The results for maiden DDC polls were announced  for 280 DDC constituencies in which BJP emerged as the single largest party by securing 75 seats in J&K whereas People’s Alliance for Gupkar Declaration (PAGD) won 110 seats. Around 5.7 million voters exercised their franchise in DDC elections.

PM Narendra Modi launched Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) SEHAT scheme which will provide free-of-cost health insurance cover of up ₹5 lakh per family to all residents of the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.

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Author

Hardeep Bali