Before casting your vote in Lok Sabha Elections 2019, find your election Info

In order to get a grip over the political news, we all need to refine our political glossary and since elections are coming, it is important that you all must know a few difficult electoral terms.

Oftentimes, we skip political news as the associated terminology is difficult to understand. So, today let's break it down to pieces and brush through some most commonly used electoral terms, apps and websites and their use for common people.

1. SVEEP or Systematic Voters' Education and Electoral Participation:

It is a programme launched by the Election Commission of India with the aim to inform and educate people about the importance of voting and to motivate voters. The Election Commission of India is hoping to make Indian Democracy more participative through SVEEP. It is based on the socio-economic and demographic profile of that state to ensure the facilitation of voters.

2. Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)

Electronic Voting Machine refers to the voting using electronic means to either aid or take care of the chores of casting and counting votes. It consists of two units namely the control unit and the balloting unit. These units are joined together by a cable. The control unit of the EVM is kept with the presiding officer or the polling officer. The balloting unit is kept within the voting compartment for electors to cast their votes. This is done to ensure that the polling officer verifies your identity. With the EVM, instead of issuing a ballot paper, the polling officer will press the Ballot Button which enables the voter to cast their vote. A list of candidates' names and/or symbols will be available on the machine with a blue button next to it. The voter can press the button next to the candidate's name they wish to vote for.

3. Voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) or verifiable paper record (VPR):

It is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballotless voting system. It allows voters to verify that their vote was cast correctly, to detect possible election fraud, and to provide a means to audit the stored electronic results. It contains the name of the candidate (for whom vote has been cast) and symbol of the party/individual candidate. The VVPAT offers some fundamental differences as a paper, rather than electronic recording medium when storing votes. A paper VVPAT is readable by the human eye and voters can directly interpret their vote.

4. Model Code of Conduct (MCC)

It is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for the conduct of political parties and candidates during elections mainly with respect to speeches, polling day, polling booths, portfolios, election manifestos, processions and general conduct. The Model Code of Conduct comes into force immediately on the announcement of the election schedule by the commission for the need of ensuring free and fair elections. It is designed to avert communal clashes and corrupt practices. It is crucial to make sure a level playing field among various contenders in the poll fray.


It is an app which provides time-stamped evidentiary proof of model code of conduct. The unique combination of time stamping, live photo with auto location can be fairly relied upon by election machinery to navigate to the right spot and take prompt action. It is a strong decision tool to drop and dispose of frivolous and unrelated cases even before they are acted upon, thereby reducing the workload of election machinery on ghost complaints.

6. National Voters' Service portal

National Voters' Service portal can be used to check if you have successfully enrolled yourself in the voter list. One can follow below-mentioned steps to check their voter slip.

Step 1: Visit The National Voters' Service portal:

Step 2: If you have the EPIC number then click on 'Search by EPIC number'. If not, then click on 'Search by details'.

If the page does not reflect your details after clicking on the search option, it means that your name is missing from the voter's list and you need to register again. If your name appears, you are eligible to vote.

7. ECI #DeshKaMahaTyohar

Considering the involvement of people on social media websites, the Election Commission of India has launched a Twitter handle so that people can ask the voting process related questions.

The organizing body is now using their hashtag, #DeshKaMahaTyoha to post educational and informational videos to spread voter awareness.

8. Voter Helpline

The Election Commission of India has undertaken a new initiative by launching a mobile app ' Voter Helpline' to building an active democratic citizenry in the country. This app helps citizens not only in finding names, submitting forms, checking status but also in filing complaints and receiving replies. All guidelines, forms, results, candidate affidavit, press notes, voter awareness are accessible to the user through the app.


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Hardeep Bali