J&K Governors from the era of peak militancy till date

Following the Treaty of Amritsar between the British Government and Maharaja Gulab Singh signed on March 16, 1846; the State of Jammu and Kashmir came into being as a single political and geographical. The Treaty of Amritsar provided the control over Kashmir valley to the Dogra rulers of Jammu who were already controlling the Ladakh region. So, the new state with three different regions was formed with Maharaja Gulab Singh as its founder ruler.

On March 28, 1965, after the 6th amendment to the State Constitution, the Sadar-i-Riyasat was re-designated as the Governor and the Prime Minister of the State as the Chief Minister of the State.

Dr. Karan Singh took over as the first Governor of Jammu and Kashmir on March 28, 1965. Earlier, he functioned as the Regent and then as the Sadar-i-Riyasat of the State. But after amendment, the office of the Sadar-i-Riyasat came to be known as the Governor's Secretariat.

Jammu and Kashmir became a strife torn state with the surge of militancy in 90s so the Centre government appointed top bureaucrat to handle the situation in the Valley. Thus, Jagmohan, one of the topmost civil servants that the country has produced in the post-Independence period was appointed as the governor jammu links news of J&K. He held the office of the Governor, Jammu and Kashmir, twice. He formulated and carried out the historic reform of 'Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine'. He also wrote a book on his tenure in Kashmir titled as "My frozen turbulence in Kashmir"

After a seasoned bureaucrat, the position of J&K's Governor was handed over to General K. V Krishna Rao, the former Chief of Army Staff for the first time, from July 11, 1989 to January 19, 1990 and the second time, from March 13, 1993 till May 02, 1998 when a Proxy War developed in Jammu and Kashmir and reached its peak. He was instrumental in restoring peace and democracy in the insurgency-riven State after a long gap of seven years.

Then, Girish Chandra Saxena took over as the head of the State on 2nd of May 1998 for the second time. Earlier, he held the office of the Governor J&K from May 26, 1990 to March 13, 1993. Saxena's main areas of specialization included international affairs, national security and intelligence matters.

On 4th June, 2003, Lt. Gen.(Retd.) Srinivas Kumar Sinha, PVSM, General Sinha sworn in as the 11th Governor of Jammu and Kashmir and remained till 25th June, 2008. He authored five books including one on Jammu and Kashmir Operation of 1947-48 and his autobiography, "A Soldier Recalls".

Narinder Nath Vohra took charge as Governor of J&K in 2008 and served as the head of state for 5 years and his first act as the Governor was to quash the controversial Amarnath shrine land transfer order. He was re-appointed as Governor of Jammu and Kashmir by the President of India in 2013 for a fresh term.

Now, Satya Pal Malik is the new Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, appointed by President Ram Nath Kovind on 21 August 2018. He was the jammu links news former Governor of Bihar, his tenure starting on 30 September 2017. He is the first politician to be appointed as the Governor of J&K which is a major shift in strategy by Centre government.

Over the past five decades, only civil servants, diplomats, Retired Army Generals, Intelligence chief etc. were appointed as Governors of J&K so this appointment is definitely going to bring fresh results for the State.

Information sourced online

 

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Author

Hardeep Bali