Google Doodle honors Dr. Virginia Apgar, savior of countless babies

UNITED STATES: To honor Apgar's contribution to neonatology - the medical care of newborn infants, Google dedicated its Doodle Thursday to the doctor on her 109th birthday.

Generally conducted one and five minutes after birth, the test assigns a score of zero to two for each of five criteria: appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiration (APGAR). Scores of seven and higher are generally normal, four to six fairly low, and three and lower are generally regarded as critically low. The test helps medical personnel determine whether a newborn needs immediate medical care.

The test spread through US hospitals in the 1960s, proving a useful measurement for quickly assessing a newborn's physical condition. The technique is still used in hospitals throughout the US.

She also published more than 60 scientific articles and several essays for newspapers and magazines during her career. Her 1972 book Is My Baby All Right? explains the causes and treatment of common birth defects and proposes precautions to help improve the chances of having a healthy baby.

Apgar died at the age of 65 in 1974.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)





Fast, accurate and updated real time local news is available on your smartphone and tablet.