7 Important things to know about Indian literacy on International Literacy Day

Interaction with people is the key thus everyone should be able to communicate with others in order to have a better understanding of the ongoing issues. Almost all of us learn to communicate verbally but only a chunk get a chance for formal education which builds our personality. Today, the world celebrates "International Literacy Day" and the theme of the year is 'Literacy in a digital world'. The first International Literacy Day was celebrated in the year 1967. The idea to celebrate this particular day to eradicate illiteracy was conceived in 1965 during the World Conference of Ministers of Education in Tehran, Iran.

Today, India celebrates 51st International Literacy Day with the rest of the world rejoicing various milestones which we have crossed since Independence. Below enumerated facts will give a brief idea about the literacy condition in our country:

1) During Independence, only 18 per cent of Indian population was able to read and write as only a small section of the society was able to receive basic formal education.

2) As per the 2011 Census, around 74 per cent of our population has basic literacy skills i.e., 74% Indians are able to read, write and communicate with others and can earn their bread and butter if opportunities are provided.

3) The situation at present is challenging; though we have considerably progressed since independence but the fact is that even today 35 crore young people in our country don't have basic education hence they are left behind. These people cannot participate in the development of the country.

4) As per statistics, over 40 per cent of school kids do not become proficient even after receiving basic literacy skills which means the elementary education system needs to be changed for good.

5) The present government with slogans like "Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas" is targeting year 2030 to ensure that all youth including men and women of this country achieve literacy. The key policies implemented to ensure eradication of illiteracy includes Saakshar Bharat Programme and the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

6) As per the reports, until now around 6.66 crore learners have passed the test conducted by National Institute of Open Schooling up to March 2017, out of which 70 per cent of them are women. The National Literacy Mission Authority (NLMA) started by the government not only imparts basic literacy to adult learners but also allow them to learn about other dimensions of socio-economic development like electoral, financial and legal literacy.

7) Multiple other initiatives like the Swachh Bharat, Mission, Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Digital India Mission and Skill India Mission taken by the government can enhance the value of literary schemes if implemented in sync.

Thus, India needs to make use of technology to make these initiatives more effective and help people of different age groups to build their personalities. Imparting education digitally is the motto of the country which will help in community empowerment.


Fast, accurate and updated real time local news is available on your smartphone and tablet.